Benigno Aquino Sr.

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Benigno Aquino Sr.
6th Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines
1st Speaker of the National Assembly of the Second Philippine Republic
In office
September 25, 1943 – February 2, 1944
Appointed byNational Assembly of the Second Philippine Republic
PresidentJosé P. Laurel
Preceded byJosé Yulo
Succeeded byJose Zulueta
Member of the National Assembly of the Second Philippine Republic from Tarlac's at-large district
In office
September 25, 1943 – February 2, 1944
Serving with Sergio L. Aquino
Commissionner of the Interior
In office
Presiding Officer, PECJorge B. Vargas
Succeeded byJosé P. Laurel
Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce
In office
PresidentManuel L. Quezon
Preceded byEulogio Rodriguez
Succeeded byRafael Alunan
Member of the House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from Tarlac's 2nd district
In office
June 11, 1945 – May 25, 1946
Preceded byJose Urquico
as Member of the National Assembly
Succeeded byAlejandro Simpaoco
Member of the National Assembly of the Philippines from Tarlac's 2nd district
In office
December 30, 1935 – December 30, 1938
Preceded byFeliciano B. Gardiner
as Representative
Succeeded byJose Urquico
Senate Majority Leader
In office
July 16, 1931 – June 5, 1934
Senate PresidentManuel L. Quezon
Preceded byJosé P. Laurel
Succeeded byClaro M. Recto
Senator of the Philippines from the 3rd Senatorial District
In office
1928 – 1934
Served with:
Teodoro Sandiko (1928–1931)
Sotero Baluyut (1931–1934)
Preceded byLuis Morales
Succeeded byHermogenes Concepcion
Member of the Philippine House of Representatives from Tarlac's 2nd district
In office
Preceded byCayetano Rivera
Succeeded byJose G. Domingo
Vice President of the Philippines
In office
January 15, 1944 – August 17, 1945
PresidentJosé P. Laurel
Personal details
Benigno Simeón Aquino y Quiambao

(1894-09-03)September 3, 1894
Murcia, Tarlac, Tarlac, Captaincy General of the Philippines (now Concepcion, Tarlac, Philippines)
DiedDecember 20, 1947(1947-12-20) (aged 53)
Manila, Philippines
Political partyNacionalista (1919-1942; 1945-1947)
Other political
KALIBAPI (1942–1945)
Maria Urquico
(m. 1916; died 1928)
Aurora Aquino
(m. 1930)
Children11 (incl. Ninoy, Butz and Tessie)
Parent(s)Servillano Aquino (father)
Guadalupe Quiambao (mother)
RelativesAquino family
Alma materUniversity of Santo Tomas (LL.B)
OccupationFarmer, politician
ProfessionLawyer, civil servant

Benigno Simeon "Igno" Quiambao Aquino Sr.[1][2][3][4] (born Benigno Simeón Aquino y Quiambao; September 3, 1894 – December 20, 1947) was a Filipino politician who served as Speaker of the National Assembly of the Japanese-sponsored puppet state in the Philippines from 1943 to 1944.

He was the Director-General of KALIBAPI, a political party established during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines.

His grandson, Benigno S. Aquino III was the 15th President of the Philippines, serving from 2010 to 2016.

Early life[edit]

Aquino was born in Murcia (now part of Concepcion, Tarlac) in the town of Tarlac to Servillano "Mianong" Aquino, a general in the Philippine Revolution who later served as a member of the Malolos Congress, and Guadalupe Quiambao. He had two siblings: Gonzalo Aquino (1893–??) and Amando Aquino (1896–??), and a half-brother, Herminio Aquino (1949–2021). He studied at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran in Manila and later at the University of Santo Tomas, where he earned his law degree in 1913, and was admitted to the bar the following year.

Political career[edit]

Aquino was first elected to the Philippine Legislature as a member of the Philippine House of Representatives in 1919 representing the 2nd district of Tarlac. He was reelected to the same position in 1922 and 1925 before winning a Philippine Senate seat in 1928 representing the 3rd Senatorial District comprising the provinces of Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga and his home-province of Tarlac. He became part of the Philippine Independence Mission in 1931, which negotiated the terms of obtaining Philippine independence from the United States. During the elections for the Commonwealth of the Philippines government in 1935 he ran again in his district in Tarlac and won, this time as a member of the National Assembly. In 1937, he was appointed by Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon as Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce.

Speaker of the National Assembly[edit]

Aquino (left) with Jose P. Laurel (right) and Jorge B. Vargas (centre)

Being among the more prominent Commonwealth officials remaining in the country after the Commonwealth government went into exile in 1941, Aquino was among those recruited by the Japanese to form a government. He became the director-general of KALIBAPI and one of the two assistant chairmen of the Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence. When the Second Philippine Republic was inaugurated, he was elected Speaker of the National Assembly.

Arrest and collaboration charges[edit]

Aquino (center) with Jose P. Laurel (2nd from left) and José Laurel III (2nd from right) in 1945.

In December 1944, as the combined Filipino and American forces continued their advance to liberate the Philippines from Japanese forces, the government of the Second Philippine Republic, which included Aquino, was moved to Baguio. Subsequently, they travelled to Tuguegarao, where they were flown to Japan via Formosa (now Taiwan) and Shanghai, China. On September 15, 1945, while in Nara, Aquino, alongside former President Jose P. Laurel and his son Jose III, was arrested and placed into custody by Americans led by Colonel Turner following the surrender of Japan. They were imprisoned at Yokohama prison and two months later at Sugamo Prison. On July 23, 1946, they were flown back to the Philippines for trial on treason charges by the People's Court.[5] A few weeks later, he was released on bail.

Personal life[edit]

First marriage[edit]

In May 1916, he married Maria Urquico, the daughter of katipunero Antonio Urquico and Justa Valeriano. He had two sons and two daughters with Maria: Antonio Aquino “Tony” (1917–1993), Servillano Aquino II “Billy” (1919–1973), Milagros Aquino “Mila” (1924–2001), and Erlinda Aquino “Linda” (1926-2022).

Second marriage[edit]

After Maria died in March 1928, he married Aurora Lampa Aquino (maiden name, granddaughter of Melencio Aquino and Evarista de los Santos and daughter of Agapito de los Santos Aquino and Gerarda Miranda Lampa) on December 6, 1930, with whom he had seven children—Maria Aurora (Maur), Benigno Simeon Jr. (Ninoy), Maria Gerarda (Ditas), Maria Guadalupe (Lupita), Agapito (Butz), Paul, and Maria Teresa (Tessie).[6]


On December 20, 1947, Aquino died of a heart attack at the Rizal Memorial Coliseum in Manila while watching a boxing match.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Masterpieces in Philippine oratory, and lessons in public speaking (1938) Honorable BENIGNO S. AQUINO – Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce
  2. ^ The Philippine Journal of Agriculture (1939) – Hon. BENIGNO S. AQUINO – Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce
  3. ^ "I am the son of the late Benigno S. Aquino Sr, a former congressman, a senator, Cabinet member..." – Testament from a prison cell (1984) by Benigno S. Aquino Jr.
  4. ^ Speech delivered by the honorable speaker Benigno S. Aquino, Director-General of the KALIBAPI on constitution day September 7, 1944
  5. ^ "Jose P. Laurel A Register of His Papers in the Jose P. Laurel Memorial Library-Museum" (PDF). E-LIS repository. Jose P. Laurel Memorial Library. 1982. Retrieved August 17, 2022.
  6. ^ "Views from the Pampang: The other Benigno".

External links[edit]